|Focke-Wulf Fw 190 F-8 / R1, II. Gruppe, Schlachtgeschwader 2|
Nicknamed the Würger (Butcher Bird*), the Fw 190 entered service in 1941 and flew throughout World War II on all fronts. It was the only German single-seat fighter powered by a radial engine and the only fighter of the war with electrically operated landing gear and flaps. Some served as fighter-bombers with ground attack units, but the Fw 190 is best known for defending against Allied daylight bombing attacks.Juvat's latest post had a nice photo of the Fw 190 D, nicknamed Dora by the Luftwaffe, and a couple of the comments reminded me of just how much I liked the Fw 190. As I mentioned, she wasn't particularly pretty, but she packed a punch.
This Fw 190 F-8 was originally manufactured as an Fw 190 A-7 fighter. During 1944 it was remanufactured as a fighter-bomber and issued to ground attack unit SG 2. After Germany's surrender it was shipped to Freeman Field, Indiana, then transferred to the Smithsonian in 1949. Its 1980-83 restoration revealed a succession of color schemes. It now appears as it did while serving with SG 2 in 1944. (Source)
|Note the landing gear...|
I may have mentioned before that I had a run-in with a scout master back in the day over a model I had built of the Fw 190. He said the landing gear was wrong. I said, no, it wasn't. Long story short, I mentioned that he couldn't build a fire by rubbing two brain cells together. He was "miffed," I was pissed off and decided that perhaps scouting wasn't for me.
Note how the gear struts are canted inwards, that's the part my scoutmaster claimed that I "got wrong," he said that the struts should be straight and wouldn't listen to reason, or superior knowledge of the subject in question.
Yes, I do bring this up from time to time as it still rankles, some fifty years after the event.
Another comment indicated that the 190 had a "long nose," the Dora version, shown below, was mentioned as having an even longer nose. Well, yes, the Dora did have a long nose, much longer than the A-series of the Fw 190. The Fw 190 D-series were powered by the Junkers Jumo 213A 12-cylinder inverted-V piston engine which was introduced in the Fw 190 D-0 prototype.
The Jumo 213A was also used in the following aircraft -
- Heinkel He 111
- Junkers Ju 88
- Junkers Ju 188
- Junkers Ju 388
- Focke-Wulf Ta 152
- Focke-Wulf Ta 154
- Messerschmitt Me 209-II
The A-series aircraft (known as Anton) was powered by the BMW 801 D-2 radial engine, rather shorter than the Jumo 213A. I guess if you say the nose is the bit of the aircraft forward of the cockpit, then yes, all Fw 190s had long noses. I only count the nose as the bit forward of the wing leading edge. Which is where the engine is. A minor quibble I suppose, but after listening to lawyers all week (with the requisite apologies to those friends and readers who actually are lawyers) I find myself quibbling a lot lately. It seems to be what litigators do. (It's not "how many angels can dance on the head of a pin," but it's close.)
Oh yeah, the BMW 801 D-2 was also used in these aircraft -
- Blohm & Voss BV 141
- Blohm & Voss BV 144
- Dornier Do 217
- Focke-Wulf Fw 191
- Heinkel He 277
- Junkers Ju 88
- Junkers Ju 188
- Junkers Ju 288
- Junkers Ju 388
- Junkers Ju 290
- Junkers Ju 390
- Messerschmitt Me 264
The Ta 152 listed as using the Jumo 213A looked a lot like the Fw 190 D (oh yeah, the Germans also called that bird the Langnase Dora, "Long nosed Dora"). But rather than have an "Fw" designation, the Ta 152 was designated after its designer, Kurt Tank. The aircraft was built by Focke Wulf. Now Herr Tank also designed the Fw 190, which was built by Focke Wulf. Why Ta 152 and not Fw 190? I don't know, might be an interesting story...
|Focke Wulf Ta 152 H (Source)|
She looks like a Focke Wulf with a passing resemblance to her Fw 190 sisters, but she looks "odd" for some reason. A glance at a plan view shows a number of differences which makes her look "odd."
|Ta 152 H (Source)|
Longer fuselage, longer wings, longer nose. Wikipedia has this to say about this bird -
The Focke-Wulf Ta 152 was a World War II German high-altitude fighter-interceptor designed by Kurt Tank and produced by Focke-Wulf. The Ta 152 was a development of the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 aircraft. It was intended to be made in at least three versions—the Ta 152H Höhenjäger ("high-altitude fighter"), the Ta 152C designed for medium-altitude operations and ground-attack using a different engine and smaller wing, and the Ta 152E fighter-reconnaissance aircraft with the engine of the H model and the wing of the C model. (Source)
|Fw 190 A-3|
|Fw 190 D-13/R11|
Having flown one in simulation, I had the impression that they were very maneuverable. You could do an aileron roll just by thinking about it (almost).
A feared "target."
Yes, the engine sounds like a tractor. Don't let that "tractor" get on your Six though, she wasn't called the Butcher Bird for nothing...
Of course, Scott's comment below got me to thinking (and to Googling). Couldn't find a color photo but found this (along with a great website!)
Great article on captured warbirds over at Vintage Wings of Canada. A great site, check it out!
* Würger is the German word for a shrike, sometimes known as the "butcher bird," a most interesting wee bird noted for impaling its prey. No, seriously. There is a Navy strike fighter squadron named for the shrike. Yup, the Shit Hot World Famous Orange Tailed Shrikes of VFA-94. Lex's first command. Just thought I'd mention that...
|F/A-18C Hornet from VFA-94|