|Ramparts of Osaka Castle in 1865|
This siege was one of the final acts in consolidating the power of the Tokugawa Shogunate over Japan. This family would rule Japan until 1868.
The book Shogun by James Clavell (one of Sarge's favorites - the mini-series is very well done) presents a fictionalized version of how the Tokugawa seized power.
The movie The Last Samurai is a fictionalized depiction of the aftermath of the Shogunate's ending.
1647 - The British army seized King Charles I and held him as a hostage.
|King Charles I by Gerrit van Honthorst, 1628|
The King would eventually be executed (1649), Oliver Cromwell would become Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland. Nearly 200,000 people would die as the result of the series of conflicts, known collectively as the English Civil War, which lasted from 1642 to 1651.
1805 - Tripoli was forced to conclude peace with U.S. after conflicts over tribute.
|ENTERPRISE Capturing the Tripolitan Corsair TRIPOLI, 1 August 1801.|
From a drawing (circa 1878) by Captain William Bainbridge Hoff,
U.S. Navy, in the collection of the Navy department.
Are you humming The Marine Corps' Hymn yet?
From the Halls of Montezuma
To the shores of Tripoli;
We will fight our country's battles
In the air, on land, and sea;
First to fight for right and freedom
And to keep our honor clean;
We are proud to claim the title
Of United States Marine.1918 - French and American troops halted Germany's offensive at Château-Thierry, France.
|Postcard depicting the World War I Battle of Château-Thierry.|
This was one of the first actions fought by the American Expeditionary Forces under General Pershing. In many ways it was the beginning of the end for the German Empire. (The Marines were there too!)
1940 - The British completed the evacuation of 300,000 troops at Dunkirk, France.
|British troops line up on the beach at Dunkirk to await evacuation.|
While it was most certainly not a victory for the British, it was, at best, an incomplete victory for the Germans. Had Hitler allowed the panzers to drive for the Channel and not let that blowhard Goering convince him that air power alone could do the trick, who knows how the war would have ended?
Still and all, a remarkable accomplishment for the British people.
1942 - The Battle of Midway began. It was the first major victory for America over Japan during World War II. The battle ended on June 6 and ended Japanese expansion in the Pacific.
|IJNS Hiryū (飛竜), shortly before sinking.|
This photo was taken by Special Service Ensign Kiyoshi Ōniwa from a Yokosuka B4Y off the carrier Hōshō.
Of the six Japanese aircraft carriers which attacked Pearl Harbor - Akagi, Kaga, Sōryū, Hiryū, Shōkaku, and Zuikaku- four went to the bottom at Midway (underlined). For all intents and purposes, Japanese naval power had reached its zenith. The United States Navy would call the tune in the days to come.
1944 - The U-505 became the first enemy submarine captured by the U.S. Navy.
|U-505 shortly after being captured in 1944 by a task force headed by USS Guadalcanal off the coast of Africa.|
You can visit her in Chicago. Seriously.
|Allied Forces in Rome, June 1944|
View of the Vittoria Emmanuel memorial and the Piazza Venezia in Rome.
Rome would fall on the 6th of June. Not many would notice outside of Italy. Something else of greater import happened that day in France. Which would piss off the American GIs who served in Italy for a long time. For that was a long, hard fight.
I've been in that square. Which is kind of cool when you think about it.
Which I do...
Amazing all the history which happened on the 4th of June and that is but a taste.
Want to know more? This website is a great starting place. I got the italicized lines above from them. Cool stuff.