Monday, October 6, 2014


So….There I was”* I’ve been flying F-15s at Kadena for about 6 months and am getting upgraded to Flight Lead.  I don’t remember the exact requirements for how many and what type of rides were required, but one sticks out to this day, a defensive 1 v 1 Basic Fighter Maneuver (BFM) ride.  Before I get into this, a little background, we had just gotten a new Fighter Weapons School graduate as the Squadron Weapons Officer.  The Weapons Officer was supposed to be the squadron’s expert on weapons and tactics used in the combat employment of the F-15 as well as the training of the pilots in their use.  Fighter Weapons School was not for the faint of heart.  Conducted at Nellis, there was a fair bit of course work, but there was also quite a bit of flying, in all types of missions, from 1 v 1s to X v X.  The latter code meaning that neither side knew exactly how many aircraft from the “other” team there were.  The difficulty in maintaining situation awareness goes up exponentially with each additional aircraft.  X v X is as close to combat as possible in a training mission.  But, as usual, I digress.  Weapons school missions briefed two hours prior to takeoff and were typically about an hour long, and then the debrief started.  It was not unusual for a debrief to last 6 hours.  So, a difficult school that prepared some outstanding fighter pilots.  I am not a Fighter Weapons School graduate,  the above was presented as background to the mindset of my opponent on this particular ride.

Evidently, Weapons School had a defensive BFM where the student was in front and the instructor took up position 30 degrees of his tail and 3000’ out.  The requirement to pass the ride was the instructor could not take a valid gun shot.  The gun on an F-15 was good out to 2500’, and a break turn by the student would generate enough closure that the instructor would be in gun range almost immediately.
My estimate is this Eagle is about 2000' away, but it's been awhile!
Creative Commons

This was an almost impossibly hard ride to pass.  Being the new Squadron Weapons Officer, and wanting to establish himself in that position he told me that this would be the scenario for the flight lead upgrade ride I was briefing in the morning, including the requirement for passing.  Did I mention he and I weren’t best friends?  Yes, well….
As I ponder how to handle the tactical problem, I realize the only advantage I have is that I get to call “fight’s on”, meaning I get to determine when we can begin maneuvering.  I intend to use that extra nanosecond to my advantage.

So, I get through the briefing, step to the jet, crank and take off.  Get out to the area, do our G warmup exercises.  Basically, we perform a series of 90 degree turns, pulling to the G-limit of the aircraft (9 G’s), to make sure everything is tied down, the aircraft isn’t having any difficulties, and the pilot is capable of pulling those G’s.  Sorry, Sarge, more digression.

Juvat, What’s a G?  Well, grasshopper, as I sit at my computer, I am pulling 1 G.  One unit of gravity.  If I pull 2 G’s, I am experiencing the effect of twice the pull of the earth’s gravity, 3 G’s =3 times etc.  Most roller coasters pull 2-3 with some going as high as 4.  Now a couple of additional facts about the effect of G.  First, Blood, as in that stuff in your arteries and veins that is needed by the brain to keep you alive, is a fluid.  As such, your heart maintains a certain blood pressure to keep it circulating.  Under G, any fluid will tend to go to the closest part of the body to the center of gravity. That tends to be your butt and below. By tensing all the muscles in that area, a pilot can slow the flow of blood and keep himself conscious, but pulling G’s is hard work.

Second, everything weighs their normal weight times the G load.  A 200lb pilot pulling 9 G’s weighs 1800 pounds.  A human head nominally weighs 20lbs and at 9 G’s weighs 180lbs.  Lifting your arm to move a switch while pulling 9 G’s is hard work.

Third, when pulling G’s, you want your spine from top to bottom to be straight and as close as possible parallel to the center of lift.  That way the G’s are pushing straight down on your spine and the G-load is distributed evenly up and down that information superhighway. And that brings us to, as Paul Harvey used to say “The rest of the story”.

We’re done with the warm up, and I maneuver the flight to get the instructor into position for the first fight.  I’ve always preferred a left turning fight.  With my right hand on the stick, I can turn around further in the cockpit and keep track of him better.  In a right turning fight, my right arm impedes the amount I can turn.  It’s a small difference, but I’m going to use it.

 “One’s ready”. “Two’s Ready”.

 I turn around in the seat, have him in sight.  Light the afterburners and as I do, my upper torso moves ever so slightly forward. “Fight’s ON!” 

Slap the stick to the left and then back to center.  Plant it back in my lap and as I feel the G start to come on, my head drops on to my chest.  I can’t force it back up because of the G Load.  No pain whatsoever.  WTF?  “Knock it off”. “One Knock it off”.  “Two, Knock it off”.  I roll out.  Out of AB.  As soon as the G is off the aircraft, I can lift my head.  Still no pain.  I know what I did, feeling a bit stupid, I get the flight back into position and set it up again.  I really, really want to pass this ride.  

“One’s ready”. “Two’s Ready”.  “Fight’s On!”.  Straight as I can possibly be, load up the jet to 9 G’s and…my head flops over onto my chest.  “Knock it off” ”. “One Knock it off”.  “Two, Knock it off”. 

I roll out and dial Kadena in the inertial nav system.  Turn towards home, 150 miles out about 20 minutes, nothing but ocean in between.  Neck really doesn’t hurt, just feels weak.  Explain to the instructor, that I think I’ve injured my neck and we’re heading home.  Contact the SOF and explain the situation.  He directs that we declare an emergency, which we do although, I’m not feeling bad, just having a bit of difficulty holding my head steady and my fingers are a little numb.

Setting up for a straight in, I’ve found it’s easier to look around if I turn my torso, rather than my head.  Kind of Herman Munster like. 

Full stop, dearm and back to the shelter.  Shut down, and open the canopy.  Release the straps and try to stand up, but can’t.  Flight Surgeon is there and puts a neck brace on.  That helps and with a bit of help I make it down the ladder.

 Over to the hospital and an X-Ray.  Flight Surgeon takes a look and it appears I have cracked 3 vertebrae in my neck.  By now, my head is somewhat set in a 10 degree left position and all my looking around starts with motion in my waist.

I’m officially DNIF, duty not to include flying.  The Flight Surgeon, a pretty good friend of mine, understands what this means to a pilot.  He outlines the plan.  Wear the brace for a week, then a couple of weeks of physical therapy and see what happens.  

So, that’s what I do.  After the week in the brace, I can’t move my head left or right more than 10 degrees or so.  No pain, just no motion.  I report to the Naval Hospital for Physical Therapy.  That was the last time I called it that.  Afterwards, it was “The Rack and Electrocution”.  They used some electrical stimulation device on my neck and shoulders to “stimulate” my muscles into relaxing.  Really?  I guess when the electric chair finally stops the heart, the muscles relax.  Everything up to that point isn’t relaxing.  Then, we stepped over to the “Rack”.  No kidding, it was the same equipment used in “Thunderball”. 

Unlike James Bond, I didn’t have a beautiful Nurse setting the device on a minimal setting.  No, I had a big, burly Navy Corpsman who set’s it at high from the start and leaves with a “Nice to have met you, Mr. Juvat!”

This goes on for a couple of weeks and doesn’t seem to be helping.  I’m back at the Flight Surgeon, and the new X-Rays don’t show any cracks.  There’s discussion on whether they were there on the originals or whether they were a shadow.  Who knows?  I still have no appreciable ability to turn my head.  Permanent Grounding is starting to be discussed.

I’m pretty down.

Mrs. Juvat and a couple of friends decide we need a night out on the town.  We’ll visit the Japanese Bath House out Gate 2 Street, then have dinner at Sam’s by the Sea.  Now before, I get any chuckles and wink-winks about visiting a Japanese Bath House.  This was in the mid-80s, and Okinawa had cleaned up nicely, much more family friendly.  This Bath House had the wives on one floor, the husbands on another.  You started out with the bath.  You scrubbed yourself off first while sitting on an itty bitty stool with a scrub brush, a bucket, and a hand held shower.  Once clean, you went into what I refer to as the Hot and Cold dipping sauce.  A hot tub and then a cold tub.  The hot tub was way hot, as in slide a toe in and gradually over the course of 15 minutes follow in with the rest of your body.  The cold tub would qualify you for a Polar Bear club membership.  But, surprisingly, after the first cycle, going back into either tub wasn’t so bad.  After about an hour, we were ready for the massage.

I go into another room and lie down on the table. 

After a few minutes, the masseuse comes in. Again before I get any wink-winks, this lady was 4’ no matter how you measured her. Top to bottom, front to back, side to side.  Her fingers were about as big as my wrists.  I’m lying there face down on the table with the towel drapped over my waist.  She takes one look at my neck and left shoulder and starts asking me questions.  Now, I speak very little Japanese.  I can order a beer and find a restroom (what more do you need?).  She speaks no English.  But she’s pointing at where I hurt, so I nod my head.  

She spends the next hour massaging that area.  At one time, she was so deep, I was certain she was massaging my heart.  Sweet Agony!  Finally, she has me sitting Indian style on the table and my head is between her forearms.  She gives it a twist and there is a “CRACK” sound so loud that my friend, who’s on the next table, sits up and asks if I’m alright.  I sit there for a second after hearing the sound, half expecting “fade to black”.  Nothing.  I try my fingers.  No problems wiggling them.  Try my toes.  Same thing.  Try to turn my head….

Moves to the left, not all the way, but darn near.  Try to move it to the right, darn near all the way.  No pain whatsoever.

Next morning, I walk into the Flight Surgeons office and say “Hey Doc, Look!”  then turn my head all the way to the left and right.  He asks what happened and I relate the story of my new best friend, the masseuse.  He clears me to fly and tells me to be careful.  “No kidding?”  I think I’m good with that.

Get back on the schedule and back in the air.  From then on, a common debrief point was “You know, Juvat, you were a little slow getting the G’s on after the Fight’s on call.  You might want to be a little faster there.”  “Yeah, I’ll work on that.”  And I also spent a lot more time in the gym working on my upper body and neck strength.

25+ years later, I’ve got a very accurate indicator of any impending weather changes and if I let my mind wander, I find myself looking about 10 degrees left of center.

*What’s the difference between a fairy tale and a war story?  A fairy tale begins “Once upon a time” and a war story begins “So….There I was.”


  1. That must have been pretty frightening. At the time (can't lift my head) and down the road (maybe I can't fly again).

    But you hung in there. Great story Juvat!

    1. Thanks, Sarge. Didn't really get frightening until I couldn't get out of the cockpit. That's when I realized I'd probably injured myself. Prior to that, I just thought I'd strained something. The long term prospects were very worrisome. Lot's of "Now what?".

  2. Did you go back and thank the masseuse?

    1. Yes, We would go back to the bath house about once a month. I always asked for her. They sold beer at the place, and I'd usually buy her one when she was done.

  3. Replies
    1. 18.5 but I've been out of the cockpit for quite a while. :-)

  4. There was a bath house outside Kadena that employed blind people to do the massage.
    In was in there TDY from Misawa with another guy who had played football for Georgia.
    The 4' Japanese masseuse held out his hand at his shoulder level and hit my friend in the sternum.
    He instinctively said in Japanese, "Who brought in the mountain giant?" (ref to a mythical critter on Hokkaido)
    Those of us who spoke some Japanese got a pretty good laugh.
    You didn't mention them walking on your back. That's when the massage got straight to the heart!

    1. Yeah, my friend got the walking on the back routine and I did on later visits. On this particular one, she worked exclusively on the neck and left shoulder.
      I didn't know about the blind thing, but since I didn't give her any indication of the problem nor had she touched me before she started asking about it, so I'm pretty sure she wasn't blind.
      When were you at Misawa? Spent a fair bit of time in that vicinity as well as Cope Thunder with you guys.

  5. Excellent story. I can relate to the "family friendly" bath houses in Japan in a big way as The Second Mrs. Pennington and I went to them a LOT. A nice long, hot soak in the bath and a massage afterwards does wonders for a hangover, too. TSMP and I always swore up and down we'd have a real Japanese ofuro when we built our dream house. Alas, events conspired to thwart THAT dream (among others).

    1. Thanks Buck. Yeah, Mrs. Juvat want to have something like that in our house, but it always gets distracted when I ask her to walk on my back.

  6. When I lived in Fukuoka Japan, flying out of Itazuke AB, I lived in a place called the "Zash House". Named for Zashnokuma, the small town nearby. There were seven of us, six pilots (4 F-100/F-105, and we two deuce jocks) We had a cook, maid, and we paid off the locals, so there was an older man who slept there at night- our night watchman. The point being this industrialist's summer home had an ofuro for us to use.Too bad the concept never caught on outside Japan. What a great time was had by this kid, learning how to fly (already rated, but you know what I mean) and having a former Korean "war" F-86 pilot for my Flight Commander and drinking instructor.

    1. "Drinking instructor" Heh! Had a few of those in my time, but alas, that AF is long gone.

    2. Seriously Dave, you need to restart your blog. These stories are begging to be told!

  7. Great war story. There are worse experiences than being med down but not a lot of them. Did you still have to pass the "can't gun me" check?

    1. No. While I was DNIF, the Squadron CO got wind of it and told him to tone it down a bit.

  8. I can relate to turning the torso to look left.
    I wasn't conscious of it at the time, but after the surgeon fused C3-C4-C5, I can now turn my head in both directions.

    Great story (IMHO).
    The Corpsman could very well have been my stepson.
    He was at the Naval Hospital, Okinawa sometime back then.
    He would definitely enjoy being called burly, and take it as a compliment.

    1. Well, if it was him, I apologize. I was unkind in my thoughts at the time, references to his maternal parent, parent's marital status at the time of conception etc.

    2. Thoughts are just that, thoughts.
      It's actions that count (and attitude).
      The saying is, you aren't responsible for your first thought ...unless you act on it.
      There's another saying:
      "What others think of you is none of your business."
      So, go ahead, think whatever you want.

  9. My fist trip into Atsugi included a visit to the onbase hotsi (sp?) bath next to the BOQ. Went to a hot bath house outside Misawa when we (VP-40) was deployed there and of course had many a sortie to the Cubi BOQ followed up by a Cubi Dog and Cubi Special.

    Now, I can neither confirm nor deny, but I've heard that the Thailand equivalent is quite a bit different.

    I always thought a war story began..."This is no shit..."

    1. I've heard that about Thailand also.

      I believe "This is no shit" is the USMC variant.

    2. ... I've heard that the Thailand equivalent is quite a bit different.

      Having spent some time in Thailand in the '70s, I can confirm the fact the experience is quite different. Those stories won't ever be told outside a certain circle of friends who were with me at the time. ;-)

    3. So, Buck....Not a blog post then? Just askin'

    4. Buck/

      Although I made it over to Bangkok several times from DaNang ("coordinating conferences" with our 13th AF brethren in Thailand, lol) I never made the "bath-house" scene over there as we never had more that a weekends worth of time and I tried to cram in as much sight-seeing/partying as possible. HOWEVER, Taipei was a different matter. The bath-houses at legendary Peitou were NOT to be ignored! One of those 'dear ladies" who attended me was nick-named "The Golden Swallow." LOL!!!

  10. LOL, memories... Mine are a few years earlier, but I've had a few dinners at Sams (downtown) and been to that same hotsi bath... and yes Thailand was VERY different! :-) Suffice to say you left with a grin on your face. I'm still fighting my back/neck problems, and have my own TENS unit, so I can fire myself up when I need it (couple of times a week now).

  11. Remember how Zero pilots flew w.o. any parachute because it gave them greater freedom of movement in the cockpit to track an opponent on the theory if that helps win the fight, no need for a chute, right? Well we had a guy in my Sq @ RAF Woodbridge who consistently came out on top during ACT/ACM practice. When I asked his back-seater how he did it at the bar one night he told me the guy loosened all the straps to the max until they were just loosely draped so as to give him max in-cockpit turning ability and visual tracking.. Now if, during his gyrations, he somehow managed to "depart from controlled flight" and had to punch out (which HAS been known to happen during "vigorous"/agressive ACT) well....

    1. Regarding the Zero pilots, as samurai they were expected to come back victorious. Or not at all.


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